Betty Boop Racist

The original Betty boop had racist mamm* like characters and black small children consuming water melon. I bought a remastered dvd years in the past and was once so unhappy when I watched it. The black girl who's likeness they stole additionally should've been compensated.Boop-Oop-a-Doop! Editors and red-lipstick fans are freaking out over the release of the M.A.C. Betty Boop lipstick (on sale lately), which comes proper on the heels of the announcement that Zac PosenThis sexist (and racist) cartoon of all the sexist cartoons has you lined. Fun Fact: Rumor has it, that the creator of each Popeye and Betty Boop once created an specific crossover of the 2. However the fast has been under wraps and was most effective shown "as a gag" internally. Need I say more?Classic Betty Boop cool animated film that used to be banned from TV because of racist assumptions.One Betty Boop cool animated film that has been banned due to racial stereotyping is "Minnie The Moocher", which had a cameo by way of Cab Calloway. There were a large number of outdated cartoons, together with Betty Boop, which...

The True Story of Betty Boop (and Why She's Still a Beauty

Betty Boop is an animated cartoon character created through Max Fleischer, with assist from animators including Grim Natwick. She at the start seemed in the Talkartoon and Betty Boop film collection, which have been produced via Fleischer Studios and launched by means of Paramount Pictures.She was once featured in 90 theatrical cartoons between 1930 and 1939. She has additionally been featured in comedian strips and mass vending.Pioneering cool animated film collection (from 1930-1939, plus a couple of one-off revivals) from Fleischer Studios, Betty Boop used to be the mirror of the stereotypical flapper, concurrently looking for a great time and good-at-heart.In early cartoons, Betty's buddies were Koko The Clown and Bimbo the canine; later on, Betty's grandpa Grampy, wild cousin Buzzy, and nonhumanized pet Pudgy headlined episodes of their own.Another early cool animated film that has a racism drawback is Betty Boop. Max Fleischer created Boop to be caricature of white singer Helen Kane. It was most effective later that he came upon that Kane had stolen her...Betty Boop is largely known as an iconic cartoon personality and the primary animated American sex image. However, her signature style and voice was appropriated via an African American jazz

The True Story of Betty Boop (and Why She's Still a Beauty

Sexist Cartoons: A Tale of Princesses, Patriarchy and

Wow some of them are truly dangerous, particularly Betty Boop and Porky Pig ones. I havent in point of fact taken a look at the others, except for Heckle and Jeckle. Funny, my oldsters had been very racist, however I didnt grow up racist and so far as I know neither did my siblings. My uncles who lived in Seattle have been HORRIBLE they had been so racist.But soon, Betty's ears became earrings and she or he used to be reinvented as a human being. The new Betty Boop was a vivacious flapper who drove a automobile, did well-liked dances and confirmed quite a few pores and skin.And there may be numerous just right to be discovered. Calloway is an electric performer and cartoons like the Fleischer's 1933 movies The Old Man of the Mountain and Betty Boop in Snow White do far better justice to his inimitable style. At the same time, those examples characteristic his voice within the body of an outdated white guy and a white-faced clown, respectively.Betty boop was, in case you like, a parody of the openly sexual Marilyn Monroe; after all, since being censored back within the thirties she had misplaced her cool animated film fame. But once those wild fifties got here in she was once again on the saddle once again. Seventy years after being created, Betty Boop is on most feminine shirts,nightgowns,even cups.Koko the Clown originated when Max Fleischer invented the rotoscope, a device which allowed for animation to be more realistic by means of tracing motion image photos of human movement. To test out his new invention Fleischer photographed his brother Dave in a clown gown. After tracing the film photos amounting to two,500 drawings and a year's work Koko the Clown was born and seemed in a caricature

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Betty Boop

Jump to navigation Jump to look Not to be perplexed with Betty Boo or Betty Boop (band).

Betty BoopA title card of some of the earliest Betty Boop cartoonsFirst appearanceDizzy Dishes (1930)Created throughMax Fleischer, with Grim Natwick et al.Voiced through Margie Hines (1930–1932, 1938–1939) Ann Rothschild (1931–1933) Harriet Lee (1931)[1] Mae Questel (1931–1938, 1988) Kate Wright (1932, 1938)[2] Bonnie Poe (1933–1934) Alice Hamada (1934–1937)[3] Victoria D'orazi (1980) Didi Conn (1982)[4] Desirée Goyette (1985–1988) Melissa Fahn (1989, 2004–2008) Sue Raney (1993)[5] Sandy Fox (Since 1999, official voice for King Syndicate international) Angelia (2000)[6] Cheryl Chase (2000)[7] Michelle Goguen (2001)[8] Lani Minella (2002)[9] Nicole Van Giesen (2003)[10] Shannon Cullem (2004)[11] Cindy Robinson (2009–provide, professional commercials) LeAnne Broas (2010)[12] Alex Borstein (2014)[13] Heather Halley (2014)[14] Camilla Bard (2014) Sarah Stiles (2016)[15]

Betty Boop is an animated cool animated film character created by Max Fleischer, with help from animators including Grim Natwick.[16][17][18] She initially appeared within the Talkartoon and Betty Boop movie series, which were produced by way of Fleischer Studios and launched through Paramount Pictures. She was featured in Ninety theatrical cartoons between 1930 and 1939.[19] She has additionally been featured in comic strips and mass merchandising.

A caricature of a Jazz Age flapper, Betty Boop used to be described in a 1934 court docket case as: "combin[ing] in appearance the childish with the sophisticated—a large round baby face with big eyes and a nose like a button, framed in a somewhat careful coiffure, with a very small body of which perhaps the leading characteristic is the most self-confident little bust imaginable".[20] Although she was toned down in the mid-Nineteen Thirties on account of the Hays Code to appear more demure, Betty Boop turned into one of the most best-known and well-liked cartoon characters on the planet.

">Play media Betty Boop's Birthday Party clip


Origins A close-up of Kane

Betty Boop made her first look within the caricature Dizzy Dishes, launched on August 9, 1930, the 7th installment in Fleischer's Talkartoon series. Inspired by a well-liked performing genre, however now not by anybody explicit individual, the character was once at the start created as an anthropomorphic French poodle.[notes 1]Clara Bow is regularly given credit as being the muse for Boop,[21] regardless that Fleischer informed his artists that he sought after a caricature of singer Helen Kane, who performed in a mode shared through many performers of the day - Kane was once also the one who sued Fleischer over the signature "Boop Oop a Doop" line.[22] Betty Boop appeared as a supporting personality in ten cartoons as a flapper lady with more middle than brains. In individual cartoons, she was once known as "Nancy Lee" or "Nan McGrew"—derived from the Helen Kane film Dangerous Nan McGrew (1930)—in most cases serving as a female friend to studio star Bimbo.

Within a 12 months, Betty made the transition from an incidental human-canine breed to a completely human female persona. While a lot credit has been given to Grim Natwick for helping to develop into Max Fleischer's creation, her transition into the cute caricature woman used to be additionally in part due to the paintings of Berny Wolf, Otto Feuer, Seymour Kneitel, "Doc" Crandall, Willard Bowsky, and James "Shamus" Culhane.[23] By the release of Any Rags Betty Boop used to be without end established as a human personality. Her floppy poodle ears became hoop earrings, and her black poodle nose become a lady's button-like nostril.

Betty used to be first voiced through Margie Hines. Later, a number of different voice actresses carried out the function, including Kate Wright, Bonnie Poe, Ann Rothschild (also known as Little Ann Little), and especially Mae Questel, who began voicing Betty Boop in Bimbo's Silly Scandals (1931), and endured with the function till 1938, returning 50 years later in Disney's Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988). Today, Betty is voiced by way of Sandy Fox and Cindy Robinson.[24]

Although it's been assumed that Betty's first title was once established within the caricature Screen Songs (1931), Betty Co-ed, this "Betty" is a wholly other character. Even even though the music may have led to Betty's eventual christening, any reference to Betty Co-ed as a Betty Boop automobile is wrong even if the legit Betty Boop web page describes the titular personality as a "prototype" of Betty. There are no less than 12 Screen Songs cartoons that featured Betty Boop or a similar character. Betty gave the impression in the first "Color Classic" caricature Poor Cinderella, her best theatrical color look in 1934. In the film, she was once depicted with pink hair as opposed to her standard black hair.

Betty Boop was the big name of the Talkartoons by way of 1932 and used to be given her personal sequence that same yr, beginning with Stopping the Show. From that time on, she was once topped "The Queen of the Animated Screen". The sequence was once widespread right through the Thirties, lasting until 1939.

Contemporary resurgence

The Betty Boop films have been revived after Paramount bought them for syndication in 1955. U.M. & M. and National Telefilm Associates had been required to take away the unique Paramount logo from the outlet and shutting as well as any references to Paramount within the copyright line on the major titles. However, the mountain motif remains on some tv prints, most often with a U.M. & M. copyright line, whilst contemporary variations have circulated with the Paramount-Publix reference in cartoons from 1931.

The original Betty Boop cartoons had been made in black-and-white. As new colour cartoons made specifically for tv began appearing within the Sixties, the original black-and-white cartoons have been retired. Boop's film career saw a revival with the release of The Betty Boop Scandals of 1974, changing into a part of the post-Nineteen Sixties counterculture. NTA tried to capitalize in this with a new syndication package deal, but because there was no marketplace for cartoons in black and white, they despatched them to South Korea, where the cartoons have been hand-traced frame-by-frame in colour, resulting in the degradation of the animation quality and timing. Unable to promote these to television in large part as a result of the sloppy colorization, they assembled a lot of the colour cartoons in a compilation feature titled Betty Boop for President, to connect to the 1976 election, but it surely did not receive a theatrical release.

The unencumber of the flicks on video cassette for house viewing created a new market for the movies of their original form. The American Movie Classics cable television channel showcased a selection of the unique black and white Betty Boop cartoons within the 1990s, which led to an eight-volume VHS and LV set, Betty Boop, the Definitive Collection. Some of the non-public domain Boop cartoons copyrighted via Republic successor Melange Pictures (ViacomCBS's protecting company that handles the Republic theatrical library) were launched through Olive Films beneath Paramount's license, while the Internet Archive these days hosts 22 Betty Boop cartoons that are now public domain.

Planned function appearances

In 1993, there were plans for an animated function film of Betty Boop however the plans were later canceled. The musical storyboard scene of the proposed movie will also be seen on-line.[25] The finished reel consists of Betty and her estranged father acting a jazz number together called "Where are you?" Jimmy Rowles and Sue Raney give you the vocals for Betty and Benny Boop.

Producers Steven Paul Leiva and Jerry Rees began manufacturing on a new Betty Boop characteristic movie for The Zanuck Company and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The script through Rees detailed Betty's upward push in Hollywood within the Golden Age of Hollywood. It was to be a musical with tune by way of Jazz musician Bennie Wallace and lyrics via Cheryl Ernst Wells. Wallace and Wells had completed a number of songs and seventy-five percent of the movie were storyboarded when, two weeks prior to voice recording was once initially Bernadette Peters as Betty, the top of MGM, Alan Ladd Jr., used to be replaced through Frank Mancuso, and the challenge used to be abandoned.

On August 14, 2014, it used to be announced that Simon Cowell's Syco and Animal Logic are developing and generating the feature-length movie in line with the nature.[26]

According to Playbill, a musical in accordance with Betty Boop is "in the works", with tune by David Foster and e-book by means of Oscar Williams and Sally Robinson. No dates, theatre or solid are indexed.[27]


Sex image "The cartoon of Betty Boop illustrates some human features which are sometimes labeled as neotenous, such as a large head, short arms and legs relative to total height, and clumsy, child-like movements." —Barry Bogin[28]

Betty Boop is thought of as one of the first and very best identified sex symbols on the animated display;[29] she is a logo of the Depression generation, and a reminder of the extra carefree days of Jazz Age flappers. Her reputation used to be drawn in large part from adult audiences, and the cartoons, while reputedly surreal, contained many sexual and mental components, in particular in the 1932 "Talkartoon" Minnie the Moocher (1932), featuring Cab Calloway and his orchestra.

Minnie the Moocher defined Betty's persona as a young person of a modern era, at odds with the old-world ways of her folks. In the caricature, after a confrontation with her strict folks, Betty runs clear of house, accompanied by her boyfriend Bimbo, only to get misplaced in a haunted cave. A ghostly walrus (rotoscoped from live-action pictures of Calloway) sings Calloway's tune "Minnie the Moocher", accompanied by way of several different ghosts and skeletons. This haunting performance sends the frightened Betty and Bimbo again to the protection of home. "Minnie the Moocher" served as a promotion for Calloway's subsequent degree appearances and also established Betty Boop as a cartoon star. The eight Talkartoons that followed all starred Betty, leading her into her own series starting in 1932. With the release of Stopping the Show (August 1932), the Talkartoons had been changed by means of the Betty Boop collection, which persisted for the next seven years.[30]

Betty Boop was once unique among female caricature characters because she represented a sexual lady. Other female cartoon characters of the same period, similar to Minnie Mouse, displayed their undies or bloomers often, in the genre of infantile or comical characters, not an absolutely defined woman's shape. Many other feminine cartoons were simply clones of their male co-stars, with alterations in gown, the addition of eyelashes, and a female voice. Betty Boop wore short clothes, high heels, a garter, and her breasts have been highlighted with a low, contoured bodice that showed cleavage. In her cartoons, male characters ceaselessly try to sneak peeks at her whilst she is converting or just going about her trade. In Betty Boop's Bamboo Isle, she does the hula wearing not anything however a lei, strategically placed to cover her breasts, and a grass skirt. This was once repeated in her first cameo look in Popeye the Sailor (1933). There was, on the other hand, a definite girlish quality to the character. She was once drawn with a head more very similar to a child's than an grownup's in proportion to her body. This instructed the mix of girlishness and adulthood that many of us saw in the flapper sort, which Betty represented.

While the nature was once kept natural and girl-like onscreen, compromises to her distinctive feature had been a challenge. The studio's 1931 Christmas card featured Betty in mattress with Santa Claus, winking on the viewer. The Talkartoons The Bum Bandit and Dizzy Red Riding Hood (each 1931) got distinctly "impure" endings. Officially, Betty was once only Sixteen years previous, in line with a 1932 interview with Fleischer (even supposing in The Bum Bandit, she is portrayed as a married lady with many kids and with an grownup woman's voice, moderately than the standard "boop-boop-a-doop" voice).[notes 2]

Attempts to compromise her virginity were reflected in Chess-Nuts (1932) and most importantly in Boop-Oop-a-Doop (1932). In Chess-Nuts, the Black King is going into the home the place Betty is and ties her up. When she rejects him, he pulls her out of the ropes, drags her off to the bed room and says, "I will have you". The mattress, alternatively, runs away and Betty requires assist during the window. Bimbo involves her rescue, and she or he is saved before anything else happens. In Boop-Oop-a-Doop, Betty is a high-wire performer in a circus. The ringmaster lusts for Betty as he watches her from beneath, singing "Do Something", a track prior to now performed by Helen Kane. As Betty returns to her tent, the ringmaster follows her within and sensually massages her legs, surrounds her, and threatens her activity if she does now not publish. Betty pleads with the ringmaster to stop his advances, as she sings "Don't Take My Boop-Oop-A-Doop Away". Koko the Clown is working towards his juggling out of doors the tent and overhears the combat inside of. He leaps in to avoid wasting Betty, struggling with the ringmaster, who lots him right into a cannon and fires it. Koko, who remained hiding throughout the cannon, knocks the ringmaster out cold with a mallet, while imitating the ringmaster's snicker. Koko then inquires about Betty's welfare, to which she answers in track, "No, he couldn't take my boop-oop-a-doop away". According to Jill Harness of Mental Floss, those portrayals of Boop fighting off sexual harassment at the animated screen made many see her as a feminist icon.[31]

Under the Production Code The transformation from pre-Code to post-Code

Betty Boop's best appearances are regarded as to be in her first three years due to her "Jazz Baby" character and innocent sexuality, which used to be aimed toward adults. However, the content material of her motion pictures was once affected by the National Legion of Decency and the Production Code of 1934. The Production Code of 1934 imposed guidelines on the motion picture trade and placed specific restrictions at the content films could reference with sexual innuendos. This a great deal affected the Betty Boop cartoons.

No longer a carefree flapper from the date the code went into effect on July 1, 1934, Betty was a spinster housewife or a profession lady who wore a fuller dress or skirt. Additionally, as time advanced, the curls in her hair gradually lowered in quantity. She additionally ultimately stopped wearing her gold bracelets and hoop earrings, and he or she became more mature and wiser in personality, compared to her previous years. Right from the start, Joseph Breen, the brand new head movie censor, had numerous court cases. Breen ordered the removing of the suggestive introduction which had started the cartoons because Betty Boop's winks and shaking hips were deemed "suggestive of immorality". For a few entries, Betty was given a new human boyfriend named Freddy, who was introduced in She Wronged Him Right (1934).[32] Next, Betty was once teamed with a pet named Pudgy, starting with Betty Boop's Little Pal (1934).[33] The following yr noticed the addition of the eccentric inventor Grampy, who debuted in Betty Boop and Grampy (1935).

While these cartoons had been tame in comparison to her previous appearances, their self-conscious wholesomeness was aimed at a more juvenile target audience, which contributed to the decline of the sequence. Much of the decline was due to the lessening of Betty's role within the cartoons in favor of her co-stars, to not mention Fleischer's greatest luck, Popeye. This was a an identical drawback skilled all through the same duration with Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse, who was turning into eclipsed by way of the popularity of his co-stars Donald Duck, Goofy, and Pluto.[34]

Since she was largely a musical novelty persona, the animators tried to keep Betty's cartoons fascinating by way of pairing her with in style comic strip characters similar to Henry, The Little King and Little Jimmy, hoping to create an additional spin-off collection with her pairing with Popeye in 1933. However, none of these motion pictures generated a brand new series. When the flapper/jazz era that Betty represented were changed through the big bands of the swing era, Fleischer Studios made an attempt to develop a alternative persona on this style within the 1938 Betty Boop cartoon Betty Boop and Sally Swing, but it surely used to be no longer a success.

The ultimate Betty Boop cartoons have been launched in 1939, and a couple of made attempts to deliver Betty into the swing era. In her remaining appearance, Rhythm at the Reservation (1939), Betty drives an open convertible, labeled "Betty Boop's Swing Band", through a Native American reservation, where she introduces the people to swing tune and creates a "Swinging Sioux Band". The Betty Boop caricature collection formally ended with Yip Yip Yippy (1939). While Yip Yip Yippy appears at the finish of the Betty Boop collection, it is in reality a one-shot a couple of "Drug Store" mail-order cowboy "wannabe" without Betty, which was once written principally to fill the discharge time table and fulfill the contract.[35]



In 1955, Betty's One hundred ten cool animated film appearances were bought to television syndicator U.M. & M. TV Corporation, which used to be received by means of National Telefilm Associates (NTA) in 1956. NTA was reorganized in 1985 as Republic Pictures, which folded in 2012, and become Melange Pictures, a subsidiary of ViacomCBS, the mother or father corporate of Paramount. Paramount, Boop's unique house studio (by the use of Melange/ViacomCBS), now acts as a theatrical distributor for the Boop cartoons that they in the beginning released. Television rights are now handled on Paramount's behalf by means of Trifecta Entertainment & Media, which in turn have been inherited from CBS Television Distribution (now recently renamed as CBS Media Ventures since 2021), successor to various comparable companies, including Worldvision Enterprises, Republic Pictures Television, and NTA.

Betty Boop appeared in two television specials, The Romance of Betty Boop in 1985,[36] which used to be produced through Lee Mendelson and Bill Melendez, the similar inventive group behind the Peanuts specials; and 1989's The Betty Boop Movie Mystery[37] and both specials are to be had on DVD as a part of the Advantage Cartoon Mega Pack. She has made cameo appearances in T.V. ads and the 1988 characteristic movie Who Framed Roger Rabbit. While television revivals had been conceived, not anything has materialized from the plans.

On February 11, 2016, Deadline introduced that a new 26-episode television sequence that specialize in Betty Boop is in manufacturing, in partnership with Normaal Animation, Fleischer Studios and King Features. The show can be aimed against the tween and teenage audience. The show's premise, in step with the article, will "recount the daily struggles, joys and victories of young Betty Boop, who has every intention of being on stage and becoming a superstar".[38]

Home media

While the animated cartoons featuring Betty Boop have enjoyed renewed consideration over the past 30 years, professional home video releases were restricted to the VHS and LaserDisc collector's units within the Nineties. There had been no such releases for the Betty Boop cartoons on DVD and Blu-ray, up until 2013 when Olive Films in the end launched the personal area cartoons, despite the fact that they were restored from the unique television internegatives that carried the altered opening and shutting credits. Volume 1 was once launched on August 20, 2013, and Volume 2 on September 24, 2013. Volume Three was once launched on April 29, 2014 and Volume Four on September 30, 2014.

Additional DVD releases were made through Fox Lorber, Good Times and Madacy, under the series "Cartoon Crazys" which a long way out-sold Olive Films variations by way of hundreds of 1000's of gadgets worldwide. A Four volume field set of DVDs all absolutely restored Betty Boop [39] Cartoons with authentic credits got here out in 2014 from Good Times and Produced through Thomas R Reich and North Hampton Partners. The sequence used to be nominated for supreme animated restoration by the Canadian Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 2015.


The Betty Boop comic strip by means of Bud Counihan (assisted through Fleischer staffer Hal Seeger) used to be allotted by way of King Features Syndicate from July 23, 1934 to November 28, 1937.[40] From November 19, 1984 to January 31, 1988, a revival strip with Felix the Cat, Betty Boop and Felix, used to be produced by Mort Walker's sons Brian, Neal, Greg, and Morgan.[40][41] In 1990, First Comics revealed Betty Boop's Big Break, a 52-page original graphic novel through Joshua Quagmire, Milton Knight, and Leslie Cabarga. In 2016, Dynamite Entertainment printed new Betty Boop comics with 20 pages within the alternative American anime graphic novel style.

Bud Counihan's Betty Boop (October 23, 1934)


A show of Betty Boop collectibles

Marketers rediscovered Betty Boop in the Nineteen Eighties, and Betty Boop merchandise has some distance outdistanced her exposure in motion pictures, with many not conscious about her as a cinematic creation. Much of this present products options the character in her common, sexier form, and has develop into in style international as soon as again.

In 2010, Betty Boop changed into the professional delusion cheerleader for the upstart United Football League. She can also be featured in merchandise focused against the league's feminine demographic.[42]

As of 2021, world licensing corporate Global Icons have bought the licensing rights to Betty Boop and different Fleischer Studios characters thus finishing Fleischer's longtime relationship with King Features Syndicate.

Legal issues

Helen Kane lawsuit

In May 1932, Helen Kane filed a 0,000 infringement lawsuit in opposition to Max Fleischer and Paramount Publix Corporation for the "deliberate caricature" that produced "unfair competition", exploiting her character and symbol. While Kane had risen to popularity in the overdue 1920s as "The Boop-Oop-A-Doop Girl", a star of degree, recordings, and movies for Paramount, her career was nearing its end by 1931. Paramount promoted the improvement of Betty Boop following Kane's decline. The case used to be brought in New York in 1934. Although Kane's claims seemed to be legitimate on the surface, it was once confirmed that her appearance was not unique. Both Kane and the Betty Boop character bore resemblance to Paramount top-star Clara Bow. On April 19, Fleischer testified that Betty Boop purely was once a made from the imaginations of himself and detailed through individuals of his staff.[43][44]

Theatrical supervisor Lou Bolton testified that Kane had witnessed an African-American performer, Baby Esther, the usage of a equivalent vocal genre in an act at the Everglades Restaurant club in Midtown Manhattan, some years previous.[45]:184–185,187–188 Baby Esther's identify was given in the trial as Esther Jones. (During the trial, Lou Bolton, who used to be Esther Jones' supervisor, also testified his trust that she was more than likely in Paris[45]:185-186.) An early check sound movie, now lost, was also discovered which featured Baby Esther acting in this genre, which was offered as proof.[46] In the movie, Baby Esther sings 3 songs that had previous been popularized via Helen Kane – "Don’t Be Like That", "Is There Anything Wrong with That?”" and "Wa-da-da" – which writer Mark Langer says "was hardly proof that Helen Kane derived her singing style from Baby Esther".[47] However Jazz Studies student Robert O'Meally said this evidence might rather well were cooked up by means of the Fleischers to discredit Kane, whom they later admitted to had been their type for Betty Boop.[48] New York Supreme Court Justice Edward J. McGoldrick ruled, "The plaintiff has failed to sustain either cause of action by proof of sufficient probative force". In his opinion, in keeping with the totality of the evidence offered in the trial, the "baby" technique of singing did not originate with Kane.[49][50] No confirmed recordings of Jones are recognized to exist.[51]

Lawsuits and current possession

Ownership of the Boop cartoons has changed fingers over the intervening decades due to a series of company mergers, acquisitions and divestitures (mainly involving Republic Pictures and the 2006 corporate break up of father or mother company Viacom into two separate companies). As of the present, Olive Films (below license from Paramount) holds home video rights and Trifecta keeps tv rights.

The rights to the "Betty Boop" persona weren't bought with the cartoons via Paramount, and it used to be transferred to Harvey Films, inc. in 1958, in keeping with a 2011 US Court verdict,[52][53] an indicator on the name (however not legitimately the likeness) of Betty Boop is owned by Fleischer Studios, with the merchandising rights to that title licensed to King Features Syndicate.[52][53]

In the 2011 judgment, america courts have been not able to return to a majority decision regarding the possession of the copyright, most effective agreeing that Paramount sold the copyright to Harvey Films Inc. in 1958.[54]Fleischer Studios, for which the nature was once created within the Thirties, was unable to assert copyright infringement in a 2008 district court case.[55]

In popular culture

Betty Boop's reputation continues neatly into modern day culture, with references showing within the sketch Doonesbury, the place the character B.D.'s busty female friend/spouse is called "Boopsie" and the animated fact TV spoof Drawn Together, where Betty is the inspiration for Toot Braunstein. The 1980s rapper Betty Boo (whose voice, symbol and identify were influenced by way of the cartoon persona) rose to reputation in the United Kingdom largely due to the "Betty Boop" revival. The 1933 Betty Boop cartoon Snow-White (not to be at a loss for words with Disney's movie Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937)) was once decided on for preservation via the U.S. Library of Congress in the National Film Registry in 1994. In 1996, Betty was once parodied on Animaniacs in "Girl with the Googily Goop", with the Boop persona called "Googi Goop". The episode, which used to be made predominantly in black-and-white, could also be a parody of "Little Red Riding Hood", with the girl having to go to her grandma's house and finishing up being kidnapped. Googi's voice was once provided via one-time Betty Boop voice actress Desirée Goyette. One of the primary characters of the 2012 film American Mary is a lady who has had intensive cosmetic surgery as a way to resemble Betty Boop. In June 2012, Betty Boop used to be reportedly selected alongside peak model Daria Werbowy to megastar in a TV commercial for the Lancôme newest lash instrument, Hypnôse Star Mascara. The commercial was once released on July 2, 2012, and used to be directed by means of Joann Sfar.[56] In March, 2017, Betty gave the impression with style clothier Zac Posen in an animated promotional quick produced by King Features Syndicate, Fleischer Studios (its subsidiary) and Pantone.[57]

In April 2011, Funny or Die parodied the character in a trailer spoof for a movie known as “Boop” with Rose McGowan as Betty.[58]


In 2002, Betty was voted in TV Guide's 50 biggest caricature characters of all time, rating #17. In 2004, Betty Boop used to be voted a number of the "100 Greatest Cartoons" in a ballot carried out by the British tv channel Channel 4, rating at #96. In March 2009, a UK newspaper voted Betty Boop the second one sexiest caricature personality of all time, with Jessica Rabbit in first place and the Cadbury's Caramel Bunny in third.[59] In August 2010, the inaugural Betty Boop Festival used to be held within the town of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin, and the second one Festival was held in July 2011.[60]


Main article: List of Betty Boop movies and appearances


Notes ^ "Grim Natwick in New York – Part One: The Early Years", an show off of the ASIFA-Hollywood Animation Archive, a 501(c)3 museum and archive. (November 3, 2007) Quote: "One day, Dave Fleischer handed Grim a photograph of singer, Helen Kane and asked him to design a caricature. Fleischer had found a sound-alike, and planned to use her in the upcoming Talkartoon, "Dizzy Dishes". Grim exaggerated Kane’s wide eyes and rosebud mouth, creating a slightly coarse, but strikingly original design. A few weeks later, Dave asked Grim to design a girlfriend for Bimbo to star as the "honest younger maiden" in a cartoon adaptation of the popular song, 'Barnacle Bill the Sailor'. Grim streamlined and refined his caricature of Kane for the part. But Dave Fleischer objected, insisting that since Bimbo was a dog, his girlfriend should also be a dog. Grim quickly sketched Betty Boop’s head on a four-legged canine body. He held up the drawing next to the pretty girl design, and asked, 'Which would you rather have as your girlfriend? A girl? Or a dog?' Dave laughed and agreed that the pretty girl was the right choice." ^ Ben Zimmer notes that the syncopation of "goo-goo-ga-joob" in John Lennon's track I Am the Walrus from the Beatles' album Magical Mystery Tour and "coo-coo-ca-choo" from Simon & Garfunkel's song "Mrs. Robinson" on their album Bookends is the same as Boop's "boop-boop-a-doop" or "boop-boop-be-doop". The similar development used to be used within the sung "la-da-di-dah" creation to the "Laugh-In Looks at the News" segments on Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In. Zimmer, Ben (November 2011) "The Delights of Parsing the Beatles' Most Nonsensical Song" The Atlantic Citations ^ .mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"\"""\"""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground:linear-gradient(clear,clear),url("//")right 0.1em center/9px .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(clear,transparent),url("//")appropriate 0.1em middle/9px .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,clear),url("//")correct 0.1em heart/9px .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:lend a .cs1-ws-icon abackground:linear-gradient(clear,clear),url("//")right 0.1em heart/12px code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:none; .cs1-hidden-errorshow:none; .cs1-maintshow:none;colour:#33aa33; .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .quotation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inherit"Finding Her Voice". Fleischer Studios Incorporated. Fleischer Studios, Inc. and TM Fleischer Studios, Inc. Retrieved February 5, 2016. ^ "Kate Wright". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Nippon Betty Boop". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Didi Conn". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved November 2, 2020. ^ "Sue Raney". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Angelia". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Cheryl Chase". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Garnier". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Betty Boop Voice | Behind The Voice Actors". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved March 30, 2019. Check mark indicates function has been confirmed using screenshots of final credits and different dependable assets.CS1 maint: postscript (hyperlink) ^ "SOUND BLOG #13: [TITLE WITHHELD ON ADVICE OF COUNSEL]". Jason Robert Brown. Retrieved August 23, 2020. ^ "Boop-Oop-a-Dooin'". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Dan-E". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ "Family Guy: How Betty Boop Got Her Name". YouTube. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ Halley, Heather [@heatherhalley] (March 17, 2014). "Betty Boop Dance Card Trailer: (link: via @YouTube Honored to be voicing Betty Boop. This May 2014 iPhone/iPad game app" (Tweet). Retrieved July 7, 2014 – via Twitter. ^ "Fleischerei". Betty Boop Wiki. Retrieved October 31, 2020. ^ Fleischer, Richard (2005). Out of the inkwell: Max Fleischer and the animation revolution. University Press of Kentucky. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-8131-2355-4. he, Max Fleischer, used to be the sole writer ... acknowledged that many animators contributed ... no longer just Natwick, but in addition Seymour Kneitel, Myron Waldman, ... ^ Pointer (2017) ^ "Myron Natwick, 100; Animated Betty Boop". The New York Times. Associated Press. October 10, 1990. p. B-24. Retrieved July 1, 2009. ^ Lenburg, Jeff (1999). The Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. Checkmark Books. pp. 54-56. ISBN 0-8160-3831-7. Retrieved June 6, 2020. ^ "Fleischer Studios v. Ralph A. Freundlich, Inc., 5 F. Supp. 808, 809 (S.D.N.Y. 1934)". Retrieved February 20, 2014. ^ See, for instance, the passing point out in McGuire, Carolyn. "Will Betty Boop Be A Big Hit as 'It?'" Chicago Tribune (March 20, 1985), a blurb for a tv program ^ Supreme Court Appellate Division- First Department. N.p., n.p. ^ Pointer, Ray (2017). The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer. McFarland & Co. p. 116. ISBN 978-1476663678. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the unique on December 26, 2013. Retrieved February 7, 2014.CS1 maint: archived reproduction as identify (link) ^ "Moore Studios". Archived from the unique on May 12, 2013. ^ McNary, Dave (August 14, 2014). "Betty Boop Movie in the Works With Simon Cowell". Variety. Retrieved August 15, 2014. ^ "Schedule of Upcoming Broadway Show: In the Works" on Accessed: June 19, 2012 ^ Barry Bogin (1999). Patterns of Human Growth. Cambridge University Press. p. 159. ISBN 978-0-521-56438-0. ^ Barboza, David (January 19, 1988). "Video World Is Smitten by a Gun-Toting, Tomb-Raiding Sex Symbol". The New York Times. p. D3. Retrieved July 1, 2009. ^ Morris, Chris (June 19, 2010). "Selected short subject: "Minnie the Moocher"". ^ Harness, Jill. "Happy Belated Birthday, Betty Boop!". mental floss. Retrieved July 21, 2015. ^ Pointer, Ray (2017). The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer. McFarland & Co. p. 106. ISBN 978-1476663678. Retrieved February 9, 2020. ^ Pointer, Ray (2017). The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer. McFarland & Co. p. 107. ISBN 978-1476663678. Retrieved February 9, 2020. ^ Coletta, Charles (2002). "Betty Boop". St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. ^ Pointer (2017), p. 111 ^ The Romance of Betty Boop at IMDb ^ The Betty Boop Murder Mystery at IMDb ^ Petski, Denise (February 11, 2016). "Betty Boop To Star In New Animated Series From 'Peanuts' Producers". Deadline. Retrieved October 22, 2019. ^ Notrh Hampton Partners, Vancouver Canada ^ a b Holtz, Allan (2012). American Newspaper Comics: An Encyclopedic Reference Guide. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press. p. 71. ISBN 978-0472117567. ^ Strickler, Dave (1995). Syndicated Comic Strips and Artists, 1924–1995: The Complete Index. Cambria, Calif.: Comics Access. ISBN 0-9700077-0-1. OCLC 33053636. ^ UFL PR: Betty Boop Official Fantasy Cheerleader of UFL – Alternative League Access – Alternative League Access Archived 2013-12-15 on the Wayback Machine ^ The Salt Lake Tribune, April 19, 1934 ^ The Paris News, April 19, 1934 ^ a b Taylor, James D. Jr. (2017). Helen Kane and Betty Boop: On Stage and On Trial. Algora. ISBN 9781628942996. ^ Pointer, Ray (2017). The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. p. 100. ISBN 147666367X. ^ Langer, Mark (Winter 2005). "Birth of the Boop". Society for Animation Studies e-newsletter, Volume 18, Issue 1. ^ O'Meally, Robert (2004). Uptown dialog: the new jazz research. Columbia University Press. p. 295. ISBN 978-0231123518. ^ The Mansfield News, May 5, 1934. ^ Taylor Jr., James D. (2017). Helen Kane and Betty Boop: On Stage and On Trial. Algora. p. 208. ^ Blakemore, Erin [1] "The People v. Betty Boop" ^ a b "Fleischer Studios, Inc. v. A.V.E.L.A., Inc., et al., No. 09-56317 (9th Cir. 2011)". Justia Law. ^ a b "Fleischer Studios, Inc. v. A.V.E.L.A., Inc. Transcript of the verdict, US Courts, p. 7" (PDF). ^ Hull, Tim (February 24, 2011). "Court Says Right to Betty Boop Is Anyone's Guess". ^ "Fleischer Studios, Inc., Plaintiff, v. A.V.E.L.A., Inc.; Artnostalgia.Com, Inc.; X One X Movie Archive, Inc.; Beverly Hills Teddy Bear Co.; Leo Valencia, Defendants 772 F. Supp. 2d 1135 Case No. 2:06-cv-06229-FMC-MANx Dec. 16, 2008 United States District Court, C.D. California". December 16, 2008. Neither NTA’s 1972 acknowledgment in a letter nor the 1997 agreement agreement between Republic and Plaintiff effected a switch of rights which might be just right as in opposition to the sector. At maximum, these documents proof the parties’ reputation of rights effective only between the parties. Moreover, neither birthday celebration to the moment litigation has argued or established that the rights in the original persona were or are sever-able from the works wherein the unique Betty Boop seems.Accordingly, Plaintiff has now not demonstrated a chain of title within the related cool animated film motion pictures or the element parts thereof that ends up in and terminates with Plaintiff. Stated otherwise, Plaintiff has no longer established its ownership of the Betty Boop cool animated film character. Accordingly, Plaintiffs’ Motion for Summary Judgment and Permanent Injunction is DENIED with admire to Plaintiffs copyright infringement claim, and Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment is GRANTED in regards to Plaintiffs copyright infringement claim. ^ Betty Boop, Daria Werbowy Team for Lancome Ad. Retrieved 2013-04-19. ^ Team, Editorial. "Zac Posen Is the Star of New Animated Betty Boop Video, Promoting New Dress Collection". ^ “Boop with Rose McGowan” from Funny or Die (April 18, 2011) ^ "Caramel Bunny Among Sexiest Cartoons", Edinburgh Evening News, Johnston Press, March 3, 2009, retrieved January 1, 2017 ^ "Page 4". Bibliography Pointer, Ray (2017) The Art and Inventions of Max Fleischer: American Animation Pioneer North Carolina: McFarland Books. ISBN 978-1-4766-6367-8 Taylor, James D. Jr. (2017) Helen Kane and Betty Boop. On Stage and On Trial. New York: Algora Publishing. ISBN 978-1-62894-297-2

Further studying

Betty Boop: The Definitive Collection, Volumes 1–8 (VHS) Ellis, Leonard (2003). The Definitive Guide to Betty Boop Memorabilia, Hobby House Press ISBN 9780875886473. 144 pages, softcover. Hundreds of images and outline of memorabilia. Solomon, Charles (1994). The History of Animation: Enchanted Drawings. Outlet Books Company. Taylor, James D. Jr. (2016) The Voice of Betty Boop, Mae Questel. New York: Algora Publishing. ISBN 978-1-62894-204-0

External hyperlinks

Betty Boopat Wikipedia's sister initiativesMedia from Wikimedia CommonsData from Wikidata Official website online List of public area Betty Boop cartoons on-line Betty Boop at the Big Cartoon DataBase Betty Boop at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on February 22, 2018. Betty Goes A-Posen (promotional brief for Zac Posen dresses)vteBetty Boop films1932 Stopping the Show Betty Boop's Bizzy Bee Betty Boop, M.D. Betty Boop's Bamboo Isle Betty Boop's Ups and Downs Betty Boop for President Minnie the Moocher I'll Be Glad When You're Dead You Rascal You Betty Boop's Museum1933 Betty Boop's Ker-Choo Betty Boop's Crazy Inventions Is My Palm Read? Betty Boop's Penthouse Snow-White Betty Boop's Birthday Party Betty Boop's May Party Betty Boop's Big Boss Mother Goose Land Popeye the Sailor The Old Man of the Mountain I Heard Morning, Noon and Night Betty Boop's Hallowe'en Party Parade of the Wooden Soldiers1934 She Wronged Him Right Red Hot Mamma Ha! Ha! Ha! Betty in Blunderland Betty Boop's Rise to Fame Betty Boop's Trial Betty Boop's Life Guard Poor Cinderella There's Something About a Soldier Betty Boop's Little Pal Betty Boop's Prize Show Keep in Style When My Ship Comes In1935 Baby Be Good Taking the Blame Stop That Noise Swat the Fly No! No! A Thousand Times No!! A Little Soap and Water A Language All My Own Betty Boop and Grampy Judge for a Day Making Stars Betty Boop with Henry, the Funniest Living American1936 Little Nobody Betty Boop and the Little King Not Now Betty Boop and Little Jimmy We Did It A Song A Day More Pep You're Not Built That Way Happy You and Merry Me Training Pigeons Grampy's Indoor Outing Be Human Making Friends1937 House Cleaning Blues Whoops! I'm a Cowboy The Hot Air Salesman Pudgy Takes a Bow-Wow Pudgy Picks a Fight! The Impractical Joker Ding Dong Doggie The Candid Candidate Service with a Smile The New Deal Show The Foxy Hunter Zula Hula1938 Riding the Rails Be Up to Date Honest Love and True Out of the Inkwell The Swing School The Lost Kitten Buzzy Boop Pudgy the Watchman Buzzy Boop on the Concert Sally Swing On With the New Thrills and Chills1939 My Friend the Monkey So Does an Automobile Musical Mountaineers The Scared Crows Rhythm at the Reservation vte1920s media traditionCollective imaginary Flapper Betty Boop Modern lady Torches of Freedom Cosmetics in the Nineteen TwentiesTheoreticians Walter Lippmann Edward BernaysOther subjects Tad Dorgan Federal Radio Commission1930s subjects Mohawk Valley components Remington Rand strike of 1936–1937 vteKing Features Syndicate comicsCurrent Arctic Circle Baby Blues Barney Google and Snuffy Smith Beetle Bailey Between Friends Bizarro Blondie The Brilliant Mind of Edison Lee Crankshaft Curtis Deflocked Dennis the Menace Dustin The Family Circus Flash Gordon Funky Winkerbean Hägar the Horrible Hi and Lois Intelligent Life Judge Parker Kevin and Kell Laff-a-Day The Lockhorns Mallard Fillmore Mark Trail Marvin Mary Worth Moose & Molly Mother Goose and Grimm Mutts On the Fastrack The Phantom Popeye Prince Valiant Pros & Cons Rex Morgan, M.D. Rhymes with Orange Safe Havens Sally Forth Sam and Silo Sherman's Lagoon Shoe Six Chix Slylock Fox & Comics for Kids Take It from the Tinkersons Tiger Todd the Dinosaur Zippy AcneHistorical Abie the Agent Ace Drummond Agatha Crumm Alphonse and Gaston The Amazing Spider-Man And Her Name Was Maud Apartment 3-G Archie Art Linkletter's Kids Barney Baxter Baron Bean The Better Half Betty Boop Betty Boop and Felix Big Ben Bolt Bleeker: The Rechargeable Dog Boner's Ark Brick Bradford Bringing Up Father Buckles Buz Sawyer Captain Kate Count Screwloose from Tooloose Crock Disney Christmas Story Disney Holiday Story Donald Duck Dr. Kildare Dumb Dora Edge City Etta Kett Felix the Cat Flapper Filosofy Franklin Fibbs Gil Grandma Grin and Bear It Gummi Bears Half Hitch Happy Hooligan Hazel The Heart of Juliet Jones Hejji Henry The Incredible Hulk Inside Woody Allen Johnny Hazard José Carioca Jungle Jim The Katzenjammer Kids King of the Royal Mounted Krazy Kat Little Annie Rooney Little Iodine Little Jimmy The Little King The Lone Ranger Mandrake the Magician Mickey Mouse Mister Breger My Cage Norb The Norm Oh, Brother! Ollie and Quentin Ozark Ike The Pajama Diaries Pete the Tramp Piranha Club Polly and Her Pals Quincy Radio Patrol Red Barry Redeye Reg'lar Fellers Retail Rip Kirby Room and Board Rusty Riley Sam's Strip Scamp Secret Agent X-9 Silly Symphony Skippy Steve Canyon Steve Roper and Mike Nomad Strictly Richter Teena They'll Do It Every Time Tillie the Toiler Tim Tyler's Luck Tina's Groove Toots and Casper Triple Take Trudy Tumbleweeds Tundra Uncle Remus and His Tales of Br'er Rabbit Walt Disney's Treasury of Classic Tales What a Guy! Winnie the Pooh Wonder WomanRelated Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum Central Press Association DailyINK Jay Kennedy King Comics King Features Syndicate National Cartoonists Society The Sunday Funnies Kings Watch vteFleischer StudiosMax FleischerDave FleischerTheatricalshorts series Out of the Inkwell (1918–1926) Inkwell Imps (1927–1929) Song Car-Tunes (1924–1926) Screen Songs (1929–1938) Talkartoons (1929–1932) Betty Boop (1932–1939) Popeye the Sailor (1933 – 1942, listing of shorts) Color Classics (1934–1941) Hunky and Spunky (1938–1941) Animated Antics (1939–1941) Stone Age (1940) Gabby (1940–1941) Superman (1941–1942)One-shot shorts Darwin's Theory of Evolution (1923) The Einstein Theory of Relativity (1923) Raggedy Ann and Raggedy Andy (1941) The Raven (1942) The Vacationer's Paradise (1942)Feature films Gulliver's Travels (1939) Mr. Bug Goes to Town (1941)See also Bray Productions Famous Studios Paramount Pictures Authority keep an eye on LCCN: n2017036433 WorldCat Identities (via LCCN): n2017-036433 Retrieved from ""

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