No3 1-

Nitrate, chemical method NO3, has a chemical fee of -1. Ion nitrates have a destructive one formal price. You is also questioning why this is the case. Why isn't the entire charge of N03 -9? In order to understand this, let's check out the collection of atoms inside a molecule of NO3 and know the way formal fees are calculated.As we all know method, Hybridization= 1/2 (valence electron of central atom+ No. of surrounding monovalent atom- cationic price+ anionic rate) there is a assumption that O isn't thought to be in monovalent atom: H=1/2(5+0-0+1) = three i.e. sp2 and anoth...In the ion-electron way (also referred to as the half-reaction way), the redox equation is separated into two half-equations - one for oxidation and one for reduction. Each of these half-reactions is balanced one by one and then blended to give the balanced redox equation.An NO3- ion, or nitrate, has a trigonal planar molecular geometry. Trigonal planar is a molecular geometry style with one atom on the center and three ligand atoms on the corners of a triangle, all on a one-dimensional airplane.I quickly take you through how to attract the Lewis Structure of NO3- (Nitrate Ion). I additionally cross over the resonance, hybridization, shape and bond perspective.

What is the hybridization of NO3-? - Quora

[1ΔS f (NH4+1 (aq)) + 1ΔS f (NO3-1 (aq))] - [1ΔS f (NH4NO3 (s))] [1(113.39) + 1(146.44)] - [1(151.08)] = 108.seventy five J/K 108.seventy five J/K (building up in entropy)Question: Help With Chemical Formulas: Na1+ And NO3 1- Li1+ And SO4 2- Ca2+ And Cl1- Ba2+ And SO4 2- NH4 1+ And Cl1- NH4 1+ And NO3 1- NH4 1+ And SO4 2- This downside has been solved! See the answerNO3 is a polyatomic ion with a unfavourable rate. So, it is usually referred to through the title of nitrogen oxoanion. The compound has its chemical identify as nitrate shaped after nitric acid looses a proton from it.Nitrates (NO3-1) and phosphates (PO4-3) achieve underground water with (a) Acid rains (b) Fertilizers washed away by rain water (c) Decomposition of natural compounds through anaerobic micro organism (d) All of these Answer: (b) Loss of keep an eye on of hand and toes happens because of (a) Lead poisoning (Pb) (b) Sulfur dioxide (SO2) (c) Nitrogen oxide (NO) (d) Carbon

What is the hybridization of NO3-? - Quora

Balancing redox reactions by the ion-electron method

Pb+2, 2 NO3-1 + 2 Na+1, 2 Br-1 → PbBr2 ↓ + 2 Na+1, 2 NO3-1. 2.7: TYPES OF REACTIONS II. A unmarried alternative reaction happens when: 1. a steel component reacts with an ionic compound to replace the steel ion from the ionic compound as a metal element, orMolar mass of (NH4)1(NO3)1 is 80.0434 g/mol Convert between (NH4)1(NO3)1 weight and molesThe oxidation quantity for NO3, or nitrate, is -1. This is as a result of oxygen always has an oxidation collection of -2. The 3 oxygen atoms have a combined oxidation of -6, akin to their electromagnetic charge and the lone nitrogen has a charge, or oxidation number, of +5.Molar mass of Na1(NO3)1 is 84.9947 g/mol Convert between Na1(NO3)1 weight and molesThe concept sources of nitrate contamination in water are thus fertilizers, animal waste, and septic tank wastes. The water provides most susceptible to nitrate contamination are in agricultural spaces and in smartly waters having an in depth or hydraulic dating to septic tanks. Nitrate in consuming water can also be chargeable for a short lived blood disorder in babies called methemoglobinemia (blue

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Jump to navigation Jump to search For the functional team –ONO2, see Nitrate ester. For that purposeful group in medicine, see Nitrovasodilator. Not to be at a loss for words with NO−2, nitrite. Nitrate Names Systematic IUPAC title Nitrate Identifiers CAS Number 14797-55-8  3-D type (JSmol) Interactive symbol ChEBI CHEBI:17632 ChemSpider 918 PubChem CID 943 UNII T93E9Y2844  CompTox Dashboard (EPA) DTXSID5024217 InChI InChI=1S/NO3/c2-1(3)4/q-1Key: NHNBFGGVMKEFGY-UHFFFAOYSA-NInChI=1/NO3/c2-1(3)4/q-1Key: NHNBFGGVMKEFGY-UHFFFAOYAI SMILES [N+](=O)([O-])[O-] Properties Chemical system NO−3 Molar mass 62.004 g·mol−1 Conjugate acid Nitric acid Except the place differently famous, information are given for fabrics in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa). Infobox references

Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the chemical formulation NO−3. Salts containing this ion are referred to as nitrates. Nitrates are not unusual components of fertilizers and explosives.[1] Almost all inorganic nitrates are soluble in water. An instance of an insoluble nitrate is Bismuth oxynitrate.


The nitrate ion with the partial charges shown

The ion is the conjugate base of nitric acid, consisting of one central nitrogen atom surrounded by three identically bonded oxygen atoms in a trigonal planar arrangement. The nitrate ion carries a formal charge of −1. This rate results from a combination formal price wherein each and every of the three oxygens carries a −​2⁄3 rate, while the nitrogen carries a +1 fee, a lot of these adding as much as formal rate of the polyatomic nitrate ion. This association is usually used for example of resonance. Like the isoelectronic carbonate ion, the nitrate ion may also be represented by resonance constructions:

Dietary nitrates

A wealthy supply of inorganic nitrate within the human diets come from leafy green foods, corresponding to spinach and arugula. NO−3 (inorganic nitrate) is the viable lively part within beetroot juice and different vegetables. Drinking water is also a nutritional source.[2]

Dietary nitrate supplementation delivers positive effects when testing endurance exercise performance.[3]

Ingestion of enormous doses of nitrate both in the form of pure sodium nitrate or beetroot juice in young wholesome folks hastily increases plasma nitrate focus about 2-3 fold, and this increased nitrate concentration will also be maintained for at least 2 weeks. Increased plasma nitrate stimulates the production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide is important physiological signalling molecule that is utilized in, amongst other issues, regulation of muscle blood glide and mitochondrial respiratory.[4]

Cured meats

Nitrite consumption is primarily made up our minds through the volume of processed meats eaten, and the focus of nitrates in these meats. Although nitrites are the nitrogen compound chiefly utilized in meat curing, nitrates are used as neatly. Nitrates lead to the formation of nitrosamines.[5] The production of carcinogenic nitrosamines could also be inhibited by way of the antioxidants nutrition C and the alpha-tocopherol form of nutrition E during curing.[6]

Anti-hypertensive diets, such as the DASH nutrition, normally contain high ranges of nitrates, which can be first reduced to nitrite within the saliva, as detected in saliva trying out, previous to forming nitric oxide.[2]

Occurrence and production

Nitrate salts are discovered naturally on earth as massive deposits, specifically of nitratine, a significant supply of sodium nitrate.

Nitrates are produced by a number of species of nitrifying micro organism, and the nitrate compounds for gunpowder (see this topic for extra) were traditionally produced, in the absence of mineral nitrate resources, by means of various fermentation processes the usage of urine and dung.

As a byproduct of lightning moves in earth's nitrogen-oxygen wealthy environment, nitric acid is produced when nitrogen dioxide reacts with water vapor.

Nitrates are produced industrially from nitric acid.[1]


Nitrates are mainly produced for use as fertilizers in agriculture on account of their top solubility and biodegradability. The main nitrate fertilizers are ammonium, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium salts. Several million kilograms are produced every year for this objective.[1]

The second primary utility of nitrates is as oxidizing agents, most significantly in explosives the place the speedy oxidation of carbon compounds liberates massive volumes of gases (see gunpowder for an instance). Sodium nitrate is used to take away air bubbles from molten glass and a few ceramics. Mixtures of the molten salt are used to harden some metals.[1]


Almost all methods for detection of nitrate depend on its conversion to nitrite adopted by nitrite-specific exams. The relief of nitrate to nitrite is effected via copper-cadmium subject matter. The pattern is introduced with a go with the flow injection analyzer, and the resulting nitrite-containing effluent is then mixed with a reagent for colorimetric or electrochemical detection. The hottest of these assays is the Griess check, wherein nitrite is transformed to an deeply coloured azo dye, suited to UV-vis spectroscopic analysis. The manner exploits the reactivity of nitrous acid derived from acidification of nitrite. Nitrous acid selectively reacts with fragrant amines to present diazonium salts, which in flip couple with a second reagent to provide the azo dye. The detection restrict is 0.02 to 2 μM.[7] Methods have been highly adapted to organic samples.[8]


The acute toxicity of nitrate is low. "Substantial disagreement" exists concerning the long-term risks of nitrate publicity. The two spaces of possible fear are that (i) nitrate generally is a precursor to nitrite in the decrease intestine, and nitrite is a precursor to nitrosamines, which might be implicated in carcinogenesis, and (ii) nitrate is implicated in methemoglobinemia, a dysfunction of purple blood cells hemoglobin.[9][10]


Nitrates don't affect babies and pregnant women.[11][12] Blue child syndrome is brought about by means of a lot of other elements corresponding to gastric upset, equivalent to diarrheal an infection, protein intolerance, heavy metal toxicity and so forth., with nitrates enjoying a minor function.[13]

Drinking water requirements

Through the Safe Drinking Water Act, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has set a most contaminant level of 10 mg/L or 10 ppm of nitrates in consuming water.[14]

An acceptable day-to-day intake (ADI) for nitrate ions was once established in the range of 0–3.7 mg (kg frame weight)−1 day−1 by means of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food components (JEFCA).[15]

Aquatic toxicity Sea surface nitrate from the World Ocean Atlas

In freshwater or estuarine methods with regards to land, nitrate can reach concentrations that are deadly to fish. While nitrate is much less poisonous than ammonia,[16] levels over 30 ppm of nitrate can inhibit expansion, impair the immune gadget and purpose rigidity in some aquatic species.[17] Nitrate toxicity stays the subject of dialogue.[18]

In maximum circumstances of excess nitrate concentrations in aquatic methods, the primary source is floor runoff from agricultural or landscaped areas that experience received excess nitrate fertilizer. The ensuing eutrophication and algae blooms result in anoxia and useless zones. As a consequence, as nitrate forms a component of general dissolved solids, they are extensively used as a hallmark of water quality.

Domestic animal feed

Symptoms of nitrate poisoning in home animals come with greater middle charge and respiratory; in advanced instances blood and tissue might turn a blue or brown colour. Feed will also be tested for nitrate; treatment consists of supplementing or substituting existing supplies with decrease nitrate material. Safe levels of nitrate for various sorts of farm animals are as follows:[19]

Category %NO3 %NO3–N %KNO3 Effects 1 < 0.5 < 0.12 < 0.81 Generally safe for beef farm animals and sheep 2 0.5–1.0 0.12–0.23 0.81–1.63 Caution: some subclinical symptoms may seem in pregnant horses, sheep and pork cattle 3 1.0 0.23 1.63 High nitrate problems: demise losses and abortions can occur in beef livestock and sheep 4 < 1.23 < 0.28 < 2.00 Maximum protected degree for horses. Do now not feed prime nitrate forages to pregnant mares

The values above are on a dry (moisture-free) foundation.

Salts and covalent derivatives

Nitrate formation with parts of the periodic desk.

vteSalts and covalent derivatives of the nitrate ion HNO3 He LiNO3 Be(NO3)2 B(NO3)−4 RONO2 NO−3NH4NO3 HOONO2 FNO3 Ne NaNO3 Mg(NO3)2 Al(NO3)3 Si P S ClONO2 Ar KNO3 Ca(NO3)2 Sc(NO3)3 Ti(NO3)4 VO(NO3)3 Cr(NO3)3 Mn(NO3)2 Fe(NO3)2Fe(NO3)3 Co(NO3)2Co(NO3)3 Ni(NO3)2 CuNO3Cu(NO3)2 Zn(NO3)2 Ga(NO3)3 Ge As Se Br Kr RbNO3 Sr(NO3)2 Y(NO3)3 Zr(NO3)4 Nb Mo Tc Ru(NO3)3 Rh(NO3)3 Pd(NO3)2Pd(NO3)4 AgNO3Ag(NO3)2 Cd(NO3)2 In(NO3)3 Sn(NO3)4 Sb(NO3)3 Te INO3 Xe(NO3)2 CsNO3 Ba(NO3)2   Hf(NO3)4 Ta W Re Os Ir Pt(NO3)2Pt(NO3)4 Au(NO3)3 Hg2(NO3)2Hg(NO3)2 TlNO3Tl(NO3)3 Pb(NO3)2 Bi(NO3)3BiO(NO3) Po(NO3)4 At Rn FrNO3 Ra(NO3)2   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og ↓ La(NO3)3 Ce(NO3)3Ce(NO3)4 Pr(NO3)3 Nd(NO3)3 Pm(NO3)3 Sm(NO3)3 Eu(NO3)3 Gd(NO3)3 Tb(NO3)3 Dy(NO3)3 Ho(NO3)3 Er(NO3)3 Tm(NO3)3 Yb(NO3)3 Lu(NO3)3 Ac(NO3)3 Th(NO3)4 PaO2(NO3)3 UO2(NO3)2 Np(NO3)4 Pu(NO3)4 Am(NO3)3 Cm(NO3)3 Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr

See additionally

Ammonium f-ratio Nitrification Nitratine Nitrite, the anion NO−2 Nitrogen trioxide, the neutral radical NO3 Peroxynitrate, OONO–2 Sodium nitrate


^ a b c d .mw-parser-output .citation qquotes:"\"""\"""'""'".mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,clear),url("//")appropriate 0.1em center/9px .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .quotation .cs1-lock-registration abackground:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//")correct 0.1em heart/9px .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription abackground:linear-gradient(clear,transparent),url("//")correct 0.1em center/9px .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration spanborder-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:lend a .cs1-ws-icon abackground:linear-gradient(clear,transparent),url("//")right 0.1em center/12px code.cs1-codecolor:inherit;background:inherit;border:none; .cs1-hidden-errordisplay:none; .cs1-maintdisplay:none;color:#33aa33; .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflinkfont-weight:inheritLaue W, Thiemann M, Scheibler E, Wiegand KW (2006). "Nitrates and Nitrites". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a17_265. ^ a b Hord NG, Tang Y, Bryan NS (July 2009). "Food sources of nitrates and nitrites: the physiologic context for potential health benefits". The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 90 (1): 1–10. doi:10.3945/ajcn.2008.27131. PMID 19439460. ^ McMahon NF, Leveritt MD, Pavey TG (April 2017). "The Effect of Dietary Nitrate Supplementation on Endurance Exercise Performance in Healthy Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis" (PDF). Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.). 47 (4): 735–756. doi:10.1007/s40279-016-0617-7. PMID 27600147. S2CID 207494150. ^ Maughan, Ronald J (2013). Food, Nutrition and Sports Performance III. New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-415-62792-4. ^ Bingham SA, Hughes R, Cross AJ (November 2002). "Effect of white versus red meat on endogenous N-nitrosation in the human colon and further evidence of a dose response". The Journal of Nutrition. 132 (11 Suppl): 3522S–3525S. doi:10.1093/jn/132.11.3522S. PMID 12421881. ^ Parthasarathy DK, Bryan NS (November 2012). "Sodium nitrite: the "cure" for nitric oxide insufficiency". Meat Science. 92 (3): 274–9. doi:10.1016/j.meatsci.2012.03.001. PMID 22464105. ^ Moorcroft, M.; Davis, J.; Compton, R. G. (2001). "Detection and determination of nitrate and nitrite: A review". Talanta. 54 (5): 785–803. doi:10.1016/S0039-9140(01)00323-X. PMID 18968301. ^ Ellis, Graham; Adatia, Ian; Yazdanpanah, Mehrdad; Makela, Sinikka K. (1998). "Nitrite and Nitrate Analyses: A Clinical Biochemistry Perspective". Clinical Biochemistry. 31 (4): 195–220. doi:10.1016/S0009-9120(98)00015-0. PMID 9646943. ^ Powlson, David S.; Addiscott, Tom M.; Benjamin, Nigel; Cassman, Ken G.; De Kok, Theo M.; Van Grinsven, Hans; l'Hirondel, Jean-Louis; Avery, Alex A.; Van Kessel, Chris (2008). "When Does Nitrate Become a Risk for Humans?". Journal of Environmental Quality. 37 (2): 291–5. doi:10.2134/jeq2007.0177. PMID 18268290. ^ "Nitrate and Nitrite Poisoning: Introduction". The Merck Veterinary Manual. Retrieved 2008-12-27. ^ Addiscott, T.M.; Benjamin, N. (2006). "Nitrate and human health". Soil Use and Management. 20 (2): 98–104. doi:10.1111/j.1475-2743.2004.tb00344.x. ^ A. A. Avery: Infant Methemoglobinemia - Reexamining the Role of Drinking Water Nitrates, Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume 107, Number 7, July 1999. ^ Manassaram DM, Backer LC, Messing R, Fleming LE, Luke B, Monteilh CP (October 2010). "Nitrates in drinking water and methemoglobin levels in pregnancy: a longitudinal study". Environmental Health (journal). 9 (1): 60. doi:10.1186/1476-069x-9-60. PMC 2967503. PMID 20946657. ^ "4. What are EPA's drinking water regulations for nitrate?". Ground Water & Drinking Water. Retrieved 2018-11-13. ^ Bagheri, H.; Hajian, A.; Rezaei, M.; Shirzadmehr, A. (2017). "Composite of Cu metal nanoparticles-multiwall carbon nanotubes-reduced graphene oxide as a novel and high performance platform of the electrochemical sensor for simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate". Journal of Hazardous Materials. 324 (Pt B): 762–772. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2016.11.055. PMID 27894754. ^ Romano N, Zeng C (September 2007). "Acute toxicity of sodium nitrate, potassium nitrate, and potassium chloride and their effects on the hemolymph composition and gill structure of early juvenile blue swimmer crabs(Portunus pelagicus Linnaeus, 1758) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae)". Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 26 (9): 1955–62. doi:10.1897/07-144r.1. PMID 17705664. ^ Sharpe, Shirlie. "Nitrates in the Aquarium". Retrieved October 30, 2013. ^ Romano N, Zeng C (December 2007). "Effects of potassium on nitrate mediated alterations of osmoregulation in marine crabs". Aquatic Toxicology. 85 (3): 202–8. doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.09.004. PMID 17942166. ^ "Nitrate Risk in Forage Crops - Frequently Asked Questions". Agriculture and Rural Development. Government of Alberta. Retrieved October 30, 2013.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to nitrates.ATSDR - Case Studies in Environmental Medicine - Nitrate/Nitrite Toxicity (archive)vteNitric oxide signaling modulatorsForms Nitroxyl anion (NO−; oxonitrate(1-), hyponitrite anion) Nitric oxide (NO⋅; nitrogen monoxide) Nitrosonium (NO+; nitrosyl cation)TargetssGC Activators/stimulators: Ataciguat BAY 41-2272 BAY 41-8543 BAY 60-4552 BI-703704 Cinaciguat (BAY 58-2667) GSK-2181236A Praliciguat Riociguat VericiguatInhibitors: ODQNO donors(prodrugs) Nitrates: Diethylene glycol dinitrate (DEGDN) Erythritol tetranitrate (ETN) Ethylene glycol dinitrate (EGDN; nitroglycol) Isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) Itramin tosilate Mannitol hexanitrate Naproxcinod (nitronaproxen; AZD-3582, HCT-3012) NCX-466 NCX-2216 NCX-4016 NCX 4040 NCX-4215 Nicorandil Nipradilol (Okay-351) Nitrate (NO−3) Nitroatorvastatin (NCX-6560) Nitroflurbiprofen (HCT-1026) Nitrofluvastatin Nitroglycerin (glyceryl trinitrate (GTN)) Nitropravastatin (NCX-6550) Pentaerithrityl tetranitrate (PETN) Propatylnitrate Propylene glycol dinitrate (PGDN) Sodium trioxodinitrate (Angeli's salt) Tenitramine TrolnitrateNitroso compounds/nitrites: Nitrite (NO−2); O-Nitroso compounds (alkyl nitrites): Amyl nitrite (isoamyl nitrite, isopentyl nitrite) Cyclohexyl nitrite Ethyl nitrite Hexyl nitrite Isobutyl nitrite (2-methylpropyl nitrite) Isopropyl nitrite Methyl nitrite n-Butyl nitrite Pentyl nitrite tert-Butyl nitrite; S-Nitroso compounds (thionitrites): LA810 S-Nitrosoalbumin (SNALB) S-Nitrosated AR545C S-Nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC) S-Nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) S-Nitroso-N-valerylpenicillamine (SNVP) S-Nitrosocaptopril (SNO-Cap) S-Nitrosocysteine (SNC, CysNO, SNO-Cys) S-Nitrosodiclofenac S-Nitrosoglutathione (GSNO, SNOG) SNO-t-PA SNO-vWF; N-Nitroso compounds (e.g., nitrosamines): SIN-1ANitrosyl compounds: Metal nitrosyl complexes: Roussin's black salt Roussin's red salt Sodium nitroprusside (SNP)NONOates (diazeniumdiolates): Diethylamine/NO (DEA/NO) Diethylenetriamine/NO (DETA/NO) GLO/NO JS-K Methylamine hexamethylene methylamine/NO (MAHMA/NO) PROLI/NO Spermine/NO (SPER/NO) V-PYRRO/NOHeterocyclic compounds: Furoxans: Furoxan REC15/2739; Sydnonimines: Feprosidnine Linsidomine (SIN-1) Molsidomine (SIN-10) SydnonimineUnsorted: Cimlanod FK-409 FR144220 FR146881 N-Acetyl-N-acetoxy-4-chlorobenzenesulfonamideEnzyme(inhibitors)NOSnNOS 3-Bromo-7-nitroindazole 3-Chloroindazole 3-Chloro-5-nitroindazole 5-Nitroindazole 6-Nitroindazole 7-Nitroindazole A-84643 Aminoguanidine (pimagedine) ARL-17477 Indazole N5-(1-Iminoethyl)-L-ornithine (L-NIO) Nω-Methyl-L-arginine (L-NMA) Nω-Propyl-L-arginine (L-NPA) Nitroarginine (NNA, NOARG) Pentamidine isethionate TRIMiNOS 1-Amino-2-hydroxyguanidine 2-Ethylaminoguanidine 2-Iminopiperidine 1400W AEITU Aminoguanidine (pimagedine) AMT AR-C 102222 BYK-191023 Canavanine Cindunistat (SD-6010) EITU IPTU MITU N5-(1-Iminoethyl)-L-ornithine (L-NIO) N6-(1-Iminoethyl)-L-lysine (L-NIL) Nω-Methyl-L-arginine (L-NMA) Ronopterin (VAS-203) TRIMeNOS Aminoguanidine (pimagedine) N5-(1-Iminoethyl)-L-ornithine (L-NIO) Nω-Methyl-L-arginine (L-NMA) Nitroarginine (NNA, NOARG)Unsorted Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) CKD-712 Guanidinoethyldisulfide (GED) GW-273629 Indospicine KD-7040 Nitroarginine methyl ester (NAME) NCX-456 NXN-462 ONO-1714 VAS-2381Arginase ABH Nω-Hydroxy-L-arginine (NOHA) chlorogenic acid ginseng epicatechin ornithine norvaline lysine alpha aminoacidsCAMK Calmidazolium W-7Others Precursors: L-Arginine Nω-Hydroxy-L-arginine (NOHA)Cofactors: NADPH FAD FMN Heme BH4 CaM O2 Ca2+Indirect/downstream NO modulators: ACE inhibitors/AT-II receptor antagonists (e.g., captopril, losartan) ETB receptor antagonists (e.g., bosentan) L-Type calcium channel blockers (e.g., dihydropyridines: nifedipine) Nebivolol (beta blocker) PDE5 inhibitors (e.g., sildenafil) non-selective PDE inhibitors (e.g., caffeine) PDE9 inhibitors (e.g., paraxanthine) cGMP who prefer PDE inhibitors (e.g., sildenafil, paraxanthine, tadalafil) Statins (e.g., simvastatin)See also: Receptor/signaling modulators vteNitrogen species Hydrides: NH3 NH4+ NH2− N3− NH2OH N2H4 HN3 N3− Organic: NR3 >C=NR -CONR2 -CN HCN CN− (CN)2 H2NCN CH2N2 -NO -NO2 Oxides: N2O NO (NO)2 NO2 (NO2)2 NO3 N2O3 N2O5 H4N2O4 H2N2O2 N2O22− HNO2 NO2− HNO3 NO3− HONO2 ONOO− HONO3 O2NOO− NO43− HNO NO+ NO2+ Halides: NF NF2 NF3 NCl3 NBr3 NI3 FN3 ClN3 BrN3 IN3 NH2F N2F2 NH2Cl NHCl2Chemical formulation Authority control GND: 4115398-4 MA: 2776384668 Retrieved from ""

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